Vowel Valley Words in the English Language are made up of long and short vowels. Knowing the combinations of the vowel sounds, from Long A to Short A and throughout the vowels (A, E, I, O, U and sometimes Y) generates patterns that give clues towards pronunciation. Sometimes the vowel sounds are in the beginning of the word. Sometimes they are digraphs. You really move your lips and tongue when sounding out digraphs. Sometimes the vowels are a bit trickier…in the middle of the words, or even at the end. Whether you are generating patterns with silent e or the simple “a as in apple” sounds, every word has to have at least one vowel! Fun, eh!